Who is Enoch?
Enoch is a patriarch in the Bible who lived before Noah’s flood. He is Jared’s son and Methuselah’s father. According to the Hebrew Bible, he belonged to the Antediluvian era. Enoch lived 365 years, according to the account of the Book of Genesis, before being taken by God.
What does the book of Enoch say?
The Book of Enoch is an ancient manuscript that contains numerous narratives related by Enoch, an authenticated biblical figure and grandfather. Topics covered in the book include the Nephilim, the great flood, the angels who descended to Earth, ancient and sophisticated wisdom. referring to Noah, who had direct access to the “Divine Creator.”
According to legend, Enoch, Noah’s great-grandfather, is the author of the ancient Hebrew apocalyptic religious scripture known as the Book of Enoch. Enoch offers original information about the genesis of demons and Nephilim, the reasons why some angels fell from heaven, the moral necessity of the Genesis Flood, and the prophesied thousand-year rule of the Messiah.
The Book of Parables is thought to date around 100 BC, whereas the older portions of the text, which are primarily in the Book of the Watchers, are thought to date from around 300 to 200 BC.
The Book of Enoch was known to Jews and early Near Eastern Christians, according to a number of Aramaic fragments discovered in the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as Koine Greek and Latin fragments. A few authors from the first and second centuries cited this work in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. Some of the story’s details were also known to the authors of the New Testament.
Jude 1:14–15 in the New Testament Epistle of Jude cites a brief passage from 1 Enoch (1:9) and attributes it to “Enoch the Seventh from Adam” (1 Enoch 60:8), even though this passage is a mid-rash on Deuteronomy 33:2. Among the Dead Sea Scrolls, there were several copies of the first parts of 1 Enoch.
With the exception of Beta Israel, it is not a part of the Jewish canon of scripture (Ethiopian Jews). While some Christian denominations view the Book of Enoch as non-canonical or non-inspired, they may accept it as having some historical or theological relevance. By contrast, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church believe it to be canonical.
Only the Ethiopian Ge’ez language is currently fully preserved, along with some earlier Dead Sea Scrolls Aramaic fragments and a few Greek and Latin pieces. Modern scholars contend that the Book of Enoch was first written in either Aramaic or Hebrew, the languages first used for Jewish texts. Ephraim Isaac proposes that the Book of Enoch, like the Book of Daniel, was composed partially in Aramaic and partially in Hebrew. For these and other reasons, the traditional Ethiopian belief is that the original language of the work was Ge’ez. There is no documented Hebrew version that has survived. The book itself claims that Enoch, who lived before the biblical flood, wrote it.
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The Ethiopic maafa hnok (), written in Ge’ez, which James Bruce brought to Europe in the late 18th century and which were translated into English in the 19th century, include the most complete copy of the Book of Enoch.
The Watchers, the angels who produced the Nephilim, or angel-human chimeras, are described as falling in the first chapter of the Book of Enoch. The remainder of the book discusses Enoch’s insights and his journeys, visions, and dreams to heaven.
The whole Book of Enoch consists of five books with a total of about 100 chapters each: The Book of Watchers, The Book of Parables, The Astronomical Book, The Dream Visions, and The Epistles of Enoch. These chapters describe the life of Enoch, the seventh patriarch in the Book of Genesis and the grandfather of Noah—the same Noah who appears in the biblical account of Noah’s Ark—and who was the father of Methuselah.
However, the biblical account of Noah’s Ark was not this one. The Book of Enoch, or a wholly different doctrinal history, offers an entirely different account of the events leading up to the Great Flood of Noah’s time.
It narrates the tale of the Watchers, who according to the Bible are fallen angels who were sent to earth to keep an eye on humans at some unspecified and ancient time. Unfortunately, instead of passively observing people, these Watchers developed a crush for human women and quickly started having vile sexual relations with them. The Nephilim, the offspring of this interbreeding between Watchers and humans, are described in the Book of Enoch.
In other words, these Nephilim were “supernatural, man-eating giants,” or “giants and savages that endangered and plunder humanity.” Those who were referred to as gods were furious with the Watchers for what they had done and locked them in a prison beneath the ground. Gods and imprisoned Watchers used Enoch as a mediator.
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