Reproduction of “mummification” prescription – Great opportunity to become a mummy.

by Micah Liam
Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum)


Reproduction of “mummification” prescription – Great opportunity to become a mummy.

When we hear ‘mummy’, our mind always remind us about the Egypt Pyramids. It was intended to take their bodies to a world after death. Therefore, “mummification” was known to be limited to the aristocracy of ancient Egypt

But explorers were also able to find mummies from prehistoric times in places other than the pyramids. Even scientists thought that the corpse might have become a “mummy” by accident. It has long been speculated that these people, who often died of accidental dehydration due to desert sand and high temperatures, may have become “mummy.”

Mummification matters

The question now is whether those assumptions are correct or not. This question raises the mummy of an ordinary man found on the banks of the Nile in Egypt.

It is not a mummy in a straight line, like a mummy in a pyramid. A mummy lying in a deadly painful position with arms and legs bent. The mummy is currently housed in the Turin Museum in Italy. But before it was brought to the Turin Museum, it is believed that it may have been burning for thousands of years in the fiery sand of the Nile River in Egypt.

It is believed that more than 5,600 years old, died in an accident and then spontaneously became as it, dehydrated by desert sand and devoid of bactericidal conditions. But now it is being confirmed that this Turin mummy is not such a coincidence. Scientists have even been able to make a detailed recipe for the mummy, preserving it.

mummification

It is reported that the prescription used to preserve this mummy, which can be thought of as that of an ordinary person without an identity, is very similar to the prescription used in the mummies of slaves who were mummified and buried for King Tuthankaman to help him in the afterlife.

“It’s important to find similarities,” said Stuart Tyson Smith, an archaeologist at the University of California, Berkeley. But he was not a member of the research team involved in the discovery. “It revealed us an important part of a big puzzle.” He says.

Findings for Mummification

The findings were published in the Journal of Archaeological Science last week, after a ten – year study of prehistoric mummies. Jana Jones, an Egyptian archaeologist at the University of McCurry, who co-authored the study, first got a clue about these earlier mummifications in the 1990s. She was researching a volume of an ancient mummy when it was discovered that the volume was more than 6,600 years old.

Jones was amazed to see that the mummy bandages were placed under the microscope lens. I saw a kind of gum used to preserve mummy in those pieces of cloth. This type of gum is similar to the gum found in the mummies of the Egyptian pyramids, which date back thousands of years.

But the microscopic evidence of the presence of gum on a piece of cloth in a mummy is not enough to prove that the Egyptians followed such a sophisticated method of preserving corpses thousands of years earlier than we thought. Chemical research is needed to confirm this fact. It took Jana Jones and her team about ten years to complete this analysis. In 2014, the team was able to complete the chemical research and confirm what was in the mummy.

But many experts have been skeptical. This piece of cloth and the preserved mummy were found separately. The piece of cloth was removed from this mummy a long time ago. So they doubted that the contents were the same material used to preserve the mummy or that it had been left on the cloth. So they had to go back to Turin Mummy to find more clues about this.

The Turin mummy, known as “Fred”, was brought to the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy in the early 1900s. From that time until the time of Dr. Jana Jones’ team’s study, this mummy had not been subjected to any other preservatives for nearly ninety years. Also, no one had even bothered to study this.

So the researchers used the body parts of this mummy as research samples. From those body parts, they were able to find chemical parts of an ancient embalming prescription. Research has shown that the chemical may have been made from plant oils, melted gum, and plant-derived fragrances mixed with plant glue and honey.

Not only that. The duration of use of the raw material for this mummy was also determined. Prescriptions used to preserve mummies found in the Egyptian pyramids thousands of years later, this Turin Chemical evidence also suggests that the recipe used to preserve the mummy was very similar.

“This confirms the results of our previous research without a doubt. but we still do researches about mummification“ Mrs. Jana Jones says.

The bodies of these prehistoric mummies have not been straightened and kept properly. They remain in a curved form. Their internal organs are dried and preserved in the same way as they were in the body. But these preservation materials say that the mummy in the Egyptian pyramids and this mummy have been preserved in the same way.

“The coating used for preservation may be a thick brown paste.” Mrs. Jana Jones explains. “The paste must have been spread all over the body of the deceased and stored on the hot sand to protect the body from the sun and the medicines contained in the paste. The corpses buried inside the pyramids do not have the protection of the blazing sun, so conservationists may have had to resort to additional methods.

This confirms that the ancient Egyptians had known for thousands of years the most advanced method of preserving corpses, and that kings used it not only for the aristocracy but also for the common people for thousands of years. The study confirmed that the mummies used in the Egyptian pyramids were not invented by the Egyptians during the pyramid era, and that they were invented by humans thousands of years older than them.

How did the Egyptians find such an advanced method in such a distant past?

The research team is now at the beginning of a new study to recreate the mummification drugs based on this amazing prescription drug discovered by the ancient Egyptians and to try mummification using those drugs in the future.

Maybe in the future we will even have the good fortune to become a “mummy” with the success of mummification.

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