Britain’s oldest skeleton, “Cheddar Man,” had a dark complexion, and DNA testing showed that he has a living cousin who still resides in the same area.
The bones of a man, thought to be from the Mesolithic era, were discovered in Gough’s Cave in Cheddar Gorge, Somerset, England, at the turn of the 20th century. They were given the name Cheddar Man. Cheddar Man seems to have received little attention, and it’s likely that he was just one more ancient artifact in a large collection.
Around the turn of the century, one of the most astounding revelations about this archaic man was made: he had a descendant residing in the very same place.
Inside Gough’s Cave, the largest of Cheddar Gorge’s 100 caves, in 1903, the bones of a prehistoric individual were discovered 20 meters (65 feet) below a layer of stalagmite, which was later discovered buried by a layer of more recent material.
In the entrance to a large cave, archaeologists discovered Cheddar Man alone and buried. He most likely lived during the Mesolithic era about 9000 years ago, according to dating data. This prehistoric individual has received minimal attention since his discovery, and one might even consider him a minor.
In 1914, eleven years after Cheddar Man’s discovery, a paper titled “The Cheddar Man: A Skeleton of Late Paleolithic Date” was released. The designation of Cheddar Man to the Late Paleolithic rather than the Mesolithic period, as is generally believed, is one of the title’s aspects that readers may notice right away.
The authors of the research measured the skull of the Cheddar Man as part of their analysis. Then, these shapes were contrasted with those discovered in other prehistoric skulls. Other skeletal remains, including teeth and limb bones, were also examined.
The Cheddar Man’s DNA
One of Cheddar Man’s live descendants was discovered in 1997, according to sources. DNA was discovered after Cheddar Man’s tooth was examined. The Institute of Molecular Medicine at Oxford University then analysed the DNA.
The results of the investigation were then matched to the DNA of 20 individuals from Cheddar whose family was known to have been in the area for numerous generations. It was found that one of these people was a Cheddar Man ancestor.
The Cheddar Man’s family
Adrian Targett’s DNA was discovered to be the same as that of Cheddar Man, who was 42 years old when he was first discovered. This genetic imprint is transmitted from mother to child, claims a research. Or, to put it another way, Cheddar Man and Targett share a maternal ancestor.
It should be noted that Targett wasn’t the only member of his family who insisted on staying in the family house. The majority of the 46 members of his extended family still reside in Somerset, according to sources.
The most well-known group of human remains discovered at Cheddar Gorge is known as Cheddar Man, but he is not the only one. The location is “Britain’s most important site for Paleolithic human remains,” claims one study.
A different collection of well-known human remains was uncovered decades ago. These three cups were crafted from the skulls of a three-year-old toddler and two humans. The heads were gathered as their owners naturally passed away, according to researchers who reexamined these remains. Skull cups were also discovered to be a traditional craft.
Additionally, many human bones that had signs of butchery were found, showing that these prehistoric people were cannibals.
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